The dried, flowering part of the plant is used to make medicine. Hops is used for anxiety, inability to sleep (insomnia) and other sleep disorders, restlessness, tension, excitability, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), nervousness, and irritability.
Hops is a plant that grows on bines; long stout stems with strong hairs to aid climbing that can reach 22 feet in height. This herb bears dark green colored, heart-shaped leaves on a fibrous stalk with finely toothed edges. The male and female flowers spring from the axils of the leaves on separate plants. The flowers of the male plant grow in panicles, 3 to 5 inches long, but are not cultivated. Only the female flowers are used for medicinal purposes.
As an herbal medicine, the sap of the jathropa includes among its components an alkaloid called jatrophine which is believed to have anti-cancer properties. The leaves can also be used as a liniment to treat stomach ache and can also be used as a natural insect repellant. The roots of the jatropha are used as an anti-dote for snake bites. The bark from jatropha roots on the other hand can be used as treatment for sores while the decoction of the roots together with the leaves can be used to treat diarrhea.
Aside from the tuba-tuba’s medicinal properties, there are also other benefits that can be derived from this plant.
1) The oil extracted from the plant’s seeds, aside from being an alternative to fuel can also be used in the process of soap making.
2) Extract from the plant’s roots can be processed as yellow dye while the extract from its barks can be processed to produce blue dye.
3) The seeds can be pounded and used for tanning.
4) The plant itself can be used to prevent soil erosion.
Not to mention, half a cup of cranberries contains only 25 calories! The possible health benefits of consuming cranberries include lowered risk of urinary tract infections, prevention of certain types of cancer, improved immune function, decreased blood pressure and more.
The cranberry fruit is high in antioxidants, partly from substances called proanthocyanidins. Antioxidants scavenge damaging particles in the body known as free radicals. Environmental toxins (including ultraviolet light, radiation, cigarette smoking, and air pollution) can increase the number of free radicals in the body, which are believed to contribute to the ageing process as well as the development of a number of health problems such as heart disease, cancer, and infections. Antioxidants can neutralise free radicals and may reduce or even help prevent some of the damage they cause. Cranberries are an excellent source of vitamin C as well, another important antioxidant. The juice is excellent against scurvy and to allay fevers. Cranberries also contain a potent vasodilator and have been used for breathing problems.
Several studies have measured high levels of antioxidants in people after drinking cranberry juice. Research is underway to determine if the antioxidant ability of cranberries will translate into protection from heart disease. Adding to cranberry’s potential health benefits, a recent study found that an extract of cranberry inhibited an enzyme, and this has been associated with a reduction in cancer risk.
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Turkey rhubarb is the storehouse of compounds like calcium oxalate, anthraquinones, tannins, and various fatty acids. The tannins and anthraquinones give it the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, making it a potential cure for cancer and other health conditions, including chronic constipation.
Turkey rhubarb is a purgative and is most often used in herbal formulas for it’s strong laxative effects in constipation and colon cleansing formulas. It is most famously an ingredient in the classic Essiac cancer formula. The use of rhubarb was recorded in the earliest Chinese herbals. Turkey rhubarb works on the smooth muscles of the intestine, much like buckthorn and senna. Rhubarb is more appropriate than senna, however, when irregularity follows treatment with antibiotics; it is less dependent on the symbiotic bacteria of the colon.
The active principles in rhubarb root are anthraquinones with purgative properties and bitters and tannins with the opposite effect. Rhubarb’s action is dose dependant- small doses have mainly an aperitif and gentle tonic bitter effect. As the dose is increased the purgative anthraquinones predominate and rhubarb becomes the laxative that it is generally known for. Rhubarb is often added to liver/gallbladder remedies to enhance the effect.
Chamomile has been used for centuries in teas as a mild, relaxing sleep aid, treatment for fevers, colds, stomach ailments, and as an anti-inflammatory, to name only a few therapeutic uses. Chamomile is an age-old medicinal herb known in ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome. Chamomile’s popularity grew throughout the Middle Ages when people turned to it as a remedy for numerous medical complaints including asthma, colic, fevers, inflammations, nausea, nervous complaints, children’s ailments, skin diseases and cancer. As a popular remedy, it may be thought of as the European counterpart of the Chinese tonic Ginseng.
Chamomile has been used for centuries in teas as a mild, relaxing sleep aid, treatment for fevers, colds, stomach ailments, and as an anti-inflammatory, to name only a few therapeutic uses. Chamomile may be used internally or externally. Extensive scientific research over the past 20 years has confirmed many of the traditional uses for the plant and established pharmacological mechanisms for the plant’s therapeutic activity, including antipeptic, antispasmodic, antipyretic, antibacterial, antifungal, and anti-allergenic activity.
Botonesan is a stout, erect, nonaromatic, hairy, annual herb, about 0.5 to 1.5 meters high, with green or purplish 4-angled stems. Leaves are lanceolate, 8 to 14 centimeters long, with toothed margins. Flowers are numerous, crowded in long-peduncles, growing up to 10 centimeters in length and the heads 1to 2 centimeters in diameter with basal involucres of hairy bracts. Calyx is green, 4 millimeters long, accrescent, 8 millimeters long in fruit. Corolla is white, 6 millimeters long.
Decoction of roots used for amenorrhea.
Used by the Maranaos for dry cough and tooth aches; gas pains in infants and convulsions in children.
According to Hartwell (1967–1971), the fruits are plastered onto tumors in India. Indian mangrove is a folk remedy for boils and tumors (Duke and Wain, 1981). Kirtikar and Basu (1975) suggest that the roots are aphrodisiac. Unripe seeds are poulticed onto abscesses, boils, and smallpox sores. Indochinese use the bark for skin afflictions, especially scabies. According to Perry (1980), quoting other sources, “A resinous substance exuded from the bark acts as a contraceptive, and apparently can be taken all year long without ill effects. Philippines use the seed for ulcers, the resin for snakebite.”